This fine oriental area rug features a traditional dense all over pattern inspired by Persian designs originating from the Iranian city of Qum. It has been carefully hand-knotted with a blend of pure silk and premium quality wool in northern Pakistan. It is in excellent condition and features a rich array of symbols. Symbolism in Persian rugs and Oriental rugs are passed down from generation to generation and were believed to protect the rug owners from misfortune.
The intricate lotus flowers contained within this carpets large ruby red border symbolize immortality and rebirth. Among the most prominent symbols located in its field are that of peonies, leaves and pomegranates. The peonies here symbolize rank and wealth, the leaves represent endless regeneration and its pomegranates represent fertility. Colors also play a major role in conveying the story of a rug. The ivory colored field in this particular piece represents purity and cleanliness.
A Brief History of Millefleurs Carpets
Mille-fleurs (in French), known in English as millefleur or mille-fleur literally means "thousand flowers" and refers to a background made of many small flowers and plants. It was an especially popular motif in tapestry and other applied arts and crafts during the Middle Ages in Europe. The term is also used to describe Oriental rugs with a similar design, originally Persian but later produced in much of the Middle East and Mughal India. The medieval European style may have been influenced by Persian miniatures or carpets. The Mughal emperors Shah Jahan (1627-1658) and Shah Aurangzeb (1658-1707) had a great appreciation for this particular style and they commissioned their weavers to replicate these fine delicate motifs in the carpets that adorned their palaces throughout India. In 1730 the Persian Shah Nadir Quli (1688-1747) conquered parts of India and returned home with countless treasures, including textiles and Millefleurs carpets. This made a great impact on the decorative arts of Persia and the surrounding territories. A "millefleurs" carpet has a bottom which is livened up with a motif of latticework; every containing alveolus is a flower. Certain specialists see an Italian origin in this decor which is also present in the Indian architectural decoration of the XVIIth century, and XVIIIth centuries, notably in nephrite rooms set by precious stones. Several carpets adorned with these compositions are endowed with a line of a multicoloured silk chain, a characteristic of weavers from Lahore, Pakistan.
(Source & Insight : L'Art du tapis dans le monde, Collectif (inclunding Internal & Academic sources), Éditions Mengès, Paris, 1996. Unknown sources to be confirmed. All rights reserved)