Heriz, circa 1950
12' x 9'2"
PLEASE CONTACT US Sizes are approximate. Photographs are not necessarily exact for color.
New Rugs Are Of The Highest Quality In Its Category And Are Handpicked Overseas By The Bashir Family
Heriz carpets are among the most recognizable rugs of Iran because of their distinctive monumental designs and the expressive power of their angular drawing. These carpets are made in the town of Heriz in north-west Persia and the surrounding villages. They have a very direct appeal, being extremely decorative in design. Many are exuberant geometric designs with a dominant central medallion or have an overall design with a field of geometrically stylized floral forms. Bright colors: brick reds, burnt orange and tangerine - all shades that come from maddar dyes - and blues predominate, set off by contrasting shades of beige, ivory and yellow ochre. The bold wide borders are a defining characteristic, consisting of flower-heads that are found in many variations: angular, geometric and naturalistic. Relatively near Tabriz, Heriz was also caught up in the late nineteenth-century revival period. The vigor and strong colors of Heriz proved extremely popular with the western taste of that period and blended in perfectly with their decorating schemes. They are just as popular today and are relatively easy to acquire. Interestingly they are more in demand in the West than in Persia, as Persians tend to prefer slightly finer woven carpets. To learn more about iranian rugs, visit our Persian Rugs section.
Sources and inspiration: Bérinstain, Valérie, et al. L'art du tapis dans le monde (The art of carpets in the world). Paris: Mengès, 1996. Print.; Jerrehian Jr., Aram K.A. Oriental Rug Primer. Philadelphia: Running Press, 1980. Print.; Herbert, Janice Summers. Oriental Rugs, New York: Macmillan, 1982. Print.; Hackmack, Adolf. Chinese Carpets and Rugs, Rutland and Tokyo: Tuttle, 1980. Print. ; De Moubray, Amicia, and David Black. Carpets for the home, London: Laurence King Publishing, 1999. Print.; Jacobsen, Charles. Oriental Rugs A Complete Guide, Rutland and Tokyo: Tuttle, 1962. Print.; Bashir, S. (n.d.). Personal interview.; Web site sources and dates of consultation vary (to be confirmed). Without prejudice to official usage.
"Antique" refers to carpets at least 100 years old, whereas rugs between 50 and 99 years of age are classified as "semi-antique".
Typically crafted with hand-spun wool and eco-friendly organic dyes, old carpets have a more luminous surface, creating an illusion of depth. Newer pieces are rarely able to capture the patina and character of an antique, which can add warmth to even the most pristine and minimalist spaces.
Oriental & Persian carpet designs began to change at the turn of the 20th century, as Western influence expanded across the Middle East. The authenticity of the unique designs produced by local cultures declined with the introduction of larger-scale production that aimed to accommodate foreign tastes. Preserving the traditional techniques involved in the craft also became more challenging following the effects of the Industrial Revolution.
- Antique rugs are made of natural fibers such as, wool, cotton and silk. New rugs are made from a variety of fibers including synthetic and natural fibers such as, mercerized cotton, faux silk often called "Art Silk", silk blends and artificial fibers such as, olefin.
- If the rug has signs of wear but still appears to be vibrant, this is an indication of a genuine antique carpet.
- For insurance purposes, you should always obtain a Certificate of Authenticity from the dealer, which should include the size, origin, age, style, materials, knot density, condition and estimated retail value.
- An authentic Oriental rug will not have a brand name associated with it and it will not be hand-tufted.