Hamadan, circa 1930
6'4" x 4'4"
PLEASE CONTACT US Sizes are approximate. Photographs are not necessarily exact for color.
New rugs are of the highest quality in their category and are handpicked overseas by the Bashir family.
The Hamadan area is a rug weaving center located in western Iran. It is the largest in area. The area is made up of small towns and villages within an 80 km radius of the city of Hamadan. This carpet is instantly recognisable as a Hamadan due to the high proportion of camel hair used on the outer border. Its design is similar to those of caucasian design rugs made in the north of Iran. This particular piece features rows of medallions and floral elements. It carries a coarse and tight weave. It is woven in Turkish knots on a cotton foundation and has a single weft. Excellent quality wool has been used which makes it wear exceptionnaly well.
Hamadan is believed to be among the oldest Iranian cities and one of the oldest in the world. It is believed to have been occupied by the Assyrians in 1100 BCE. Hamadan has always been well known for handicrafts like leather, ceramic, including carpets. Hamadan carpets are instantly recognizable due to the high proportion of plain camel hair used in their outer borders. Their construction is durable as it is made up of rugged wool spun from hardy sheep in the higher, cooler altitudes of Asia. The foundation (warp and weft) is usually made of cotton. The patterns of carpets from this city vary from geometric, to small animal and floral elements. Their geometric designs are similar to those of Caucasian carpets made in Northern Iran, with medallions and anchor designs in many different permutations being typical. Their floral elements include, at times, the famous "herati" design. Hamadan carpets are usually colored with primary, vibrant colours such as indigo blue and madder red. Many Hamadans come in the form of runners and few large carpets are found. Hamadans have long been popular in the North American market. Overall, Hamadan carpets are very good in quality and most of them have been known to last for generations when properly cared for. To learn more about iranian rugs, visit our Persian Rugs section.
Sources and inspiration: Bérinstain, Valérie, et al. L'art du tapis dans le monde (The art of carpets in the world). Paris: Mengès, 1996. Print.; Jerrehian Jr., Aram K.A. Oriental Rug Primer. Philadelphia: Running Press, 1980. Print.; Herbert, Janice Summers. Oriental Rugs, New York: Macmillan, 1982. Print.; Hackmack, Adolf. Chinese Carpets and Rugs, Rutland and Tokyo: Tuttle, 1980. Print. ; De Moubray, Amicia, and David Black. Carpets for the home, London: Laurence King Publishing, 1999. Print.; Jacobsen, Charles. Oriental Rugs A Complete Guide, Rutland and Tokyo: Tuttle, 1962. Print.; Bashir, S. (n.d.). Personal interview.; Web site sources and dates of consultation vary (to be confirmed). Without prejudice to official usage.
Older carpets (antique or vintage) are rugs that date back to the last 100 years. Rugs that are 50 to 99 years of age are referred to as semi-antiques. They are typically crafted with hand-spun wool and eco-friendly organic dyes, which have a luminous surface, providing an illusion of depth. They have a wonderful patina and character which cannot be usually captured in a newer piece. Each antique carpet is different, as they are found in every type of home and add warmth to pristine and minimalist spaces.
Oriental & Persian carpet designs began to change at the turn of the 20th century, as Western influence expanded across the Middle East. At the time, the native cultural designs began to lose their authenticity because their ability to maintain traditional designs diminished. As the Industrial Revolution came about, preserving traditional master craft techniques became more of a challenge.
- Antique rugs are made of natural fibers such as, wool, cotton and silk. New rugs are made from a variety of fibers including synthetic and natural fibers such as, mercerized cotton, faux silk often called "Art Silk", silk blends and artificial fibers such as, olefin.
- If the rug has signs of wear but still appears to be vibrant, this is an indication of a genuine antique carpet.
- For insurance purposes, you should always obtain a Certificate of Authenticity from the dealer, which should include the size, origin, age, style, materials, knot density, condition and estimated retail value.
- An authentic Oriental rug will not have a brand name associated with it and it will not be hand-tufted.