Bidjar Mahi, circa 1950
8'11" x 5'3"
PLEASE CONTACT US Sizes are approximate. Photographs are not necessarily exact for color.
New rugs are of the highest quality in their category and are handpicked overseas by the Bashir family.
Carpets made in the area around Bidjar in Northwest Persia are the most robust of any oriental carpets due to their characteristic weaving technique of beating the weft into place with a long iron bar, which is inserted between the warps during weaving, then pounded against the wefts. These carpets are among the finest of Persian rugs by virtue of their design and technique. The quality of their wool is lustrous and soft. The designs vary, some are typical nineteenth-century Persian in style and produced in a rectilinear format. Others carry drawings that are classically precise or wildly tribal including pictorial or garden patterns. Red or cream grounds combined with a strong light or dark blue are typical.
Synthetic dyes were not introduced in Bidjar carpets until after the First World War. They are distinguished primarily by their weave, which is perhaps the densest and most durable of all oriental rugs. Because of their great strength (when wet a Bidjar is nearly impossible to fold), they are suitable for areas of heavy wear in the home, such as hallways or landings. Bidjar carpets were made in a variety of sizes. To learn more about iranian rugs, please visit our Persian Rugs section.
Sources and inspiration: B?rinstain, Val?rie, et al. L'art du tapis dans le monde (The art of carpets in the world). Paris: Meng?s, 1996. Print.; Jerrehian Jr., Aram K.A. Oriental Rug Primer. Philadelphia: Running Press, 1980. Print.; Herbert, Janice Summers. Oriental Rugs, New York: Macmillan, 1982. Print.; Hackmack, Adolf. Chinese Carpets and Rugs, Rutland and Tokyo: Tuttle, 1980. Print. ; De Moubray, Amicia, and David Black. Carpets for the home, London: Laurence King Publishing, 1999. Print.; Jacobsen, Charles. Oriental Rugs A Complete Guide, Rutland and Tokyo: Tuttle, 1962. Print.; Bashir, S. (n.d.). Personal interview.; Web site sources and dates of consultation vary (to be confirmed). Without prejudice to official usage.
"Antique" refers to carpets at least 100 years old, whereas rugs between 50 and 99 years of age are classified as "semi-antique".
Typically crafted with hand-spun wool and eco-friendly organic dyes, old carpets have a more luminous surface, creating an illusion of depth. Newer pieces are rarely able to capture the patina and character of an antique, which can add warmth to even the most pristine and minimalist spaces.
Oriental & Persian carpet designs began to change at the turn of the 20th century, as Western influence expanded across the Middle East. The authenticity of the unique designs produced by local cultures declined with the introduction of larger-scale production that aimed to accommodate foreign tastes. Preserving the traditional techniques involved in the craft also became more challenging following the effects of the Industrial Revolution.
Antique rugs are made of wool, cotton and silk. New rugs can be made from a variety of fibers, both natural and synthetic, including wool, cotton and silk, but also silk blends, faux silk (often called "Art Silk" or "artificial silk"), mercerized cotton and olefin.
If a rug has signs of wear but still looks vibrant, this is an indication that it is a genuine antique.
For insurance purposes, you should always obtain a certificate of authenticity from the dealer. This document should include the size, origin, age, style, materials, knot density, condition and estimated retail value of the carpet.
An authentic antique will not have a brand name associated with it, nor will it be hand-tufted.